The candidates for the Word of the Year are drawn initially from the Oxford Dictionaries New Monitor Corpus, a research programme which collects around 150 million words of current English in use each month, using automated search criteria to scan new web content. Sophisticated software allows us to identify new and emerging words on a daily basis and examine the shifts that occur in geography, register, and frequency of use.
Nominated words do not have to have come into being during 2014, just gained prominence and increased usage. It is not certain that winning words make it into the dictionary itself, it depends on how durable the words are over time.
The first recorded use of vape was in an article in 1983. Rob Stepney wrote in New Society magazine: “an inhaler or ‘non-combustible’ cigarette, looking much like the real thing, but…delivering a metered dose of nicotine vapour. (The new habit, if it catches on, would be known as vaping.)”
Vape as a word didn’t gain traction until quarter of a century later, in 2009, when vape and vaping began appearing in mainstream media reports and on websites.
This year, vape beat completion from the following words:
- bae used as a term of endearment for one’s romantic partner.
- budtender a person whose job is to serve customers in a cannabis dispensary or shop.
- contactless relating to or involving technologies that allow a smart card, mobile phone, etc. to contact wirelessly to an electronic reader, typically in order to make a payment.
- indyref an abbreviation of ‘independence referendum’, in reference to the referendum on Scottish independence, held in Scotland.
- normcore a trend in which ordinary, unfashionable clothing is worn as a deliberate fashion statement.
- slacktivism actions performed via the Internet in support of a political or social cause but regarded as requiring little time or involvement.
Vape was chosen due to its increased usage on the back of the exponential growth of vaping, doubling in use over 2014.
Previous winners of the WOTY include: